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Alternative Readings
In this section, we have provided background material by scholars on the period and events covered by Jan Tomasz Gross in FEAR, namely the Kielce massacre, anti-Semitism in Poland in the wartime and postwar periods, and the state of Poland following the official end of war.

These articles or excerpts from larger studies were not written in response to the work of Professor Gross.  The first piece included is by Bozena Szaynok, who surveys what is known about the events that took place in Kielce on July 4, 1946. Other pieces will be added as permission to publish copyrighted material is received from publishers and authors.
Szaynok - Antisemitism in Postwar Relations

Bozena Szaynok: Antisemitism in Postwar Polish-Jewish Relations
Szaynok - New Evidence

Bozena Szaynok: The Jewish Pogrom in Kielce - New Evidence